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3. Effective Governance
3.1 Democratic Representation
3.2 Lack of Corruption
3.3 Efficient Administration
In-Country Assessment Information

3. Effective Governance

Goal – A popularly elected government free of corruption and functioning efficiently and transparently enough to guarantee economic freedom to individuals and support equitable property markets
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3.1 Democratic Representation

 

Core Question:         Does the country have free and open elections for the leadership and can citizens engage in free enterprise?  No – Weak, recent elections have moved toward religious conservatism.

3.1.1 Voice & Accountability

3.1.1.1          Are citizens able to elect their government and do they enjoy freedom of expression, association and a free media? No – Weak – Percentile Rank – 43.7 Trend  

Source: Governance Matters 2011, World Bank, www.govindicators.org

 

3.1.1.2          Are citizens free to form political and civic organizations free of state interference and surveillance? No – Weak – Score 4.71 out of 10

Overall Ranking – 88th out of 167

 

Source: The Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index https://www.eiu.com/public/topical_report.aspx?campaignid=DemocracyIndex2011

 

3.1.2 Public Information

Very Weak; Score 54 out of 100

3.1.2.1          Are there regulations governing conflicts of interest in the executive and legislative branches of government? No – Executive Score 46 out of 100 – Very Weak; Legislative Score 47 out of 100 – Very Weak

3.1.2.2          Can citizens access legislative processes and documents? Yes – Score 92 out of 100 – Very Strong (2010)

Source: Global Integrity Report 2010 –  https://www.globalintegrity.org/global/the-global-integrity-report-2010/turkey/

 

3.1.3 Market Intervention

Overall Ranking – Strong – 69th out of 179 Trend ¯

3.1.3.1          To what extent does the government intervene in the private sector including state owned industries? Score 64.9 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less intervention

3.1.3.2          To what extent does the government control prices? Score 73.3 out of 100  

Source: 2013 Index of Economic Freedom – Heritage Foundation http://www.heritage.org/index/country/turkey#limited-government

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3.2 Lack of Corruption

 

Core Question:         Is the public sector transparent and free of corruption?  Yes – Strong although many public institutions remain vulnerable to corruption and political interference.

Transparency

3.2.1   What is the perceived level of corruption in the country?  Strong – Ranking –   54th out of 174; Score 49 out of 100 Trend  

Source: Transparency International 2012 http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2012/results/

Integrity Mechanisms

3.2.2   A National Integrity System is a framework where the principle institutions that contribute to integrity, transparency and accountability in a society can address corruption in a systematic way. Does a National Integrity System exist?  No – Very Weak

Extralegal Payments

Survey Question

SQ 11  How often do companies report that officials and/or companies expect additional payments to “expedite” services or gain business?  Strong –18% of firms say they are expected to make unofficial payments

Source: Enterprise Surveys, World Bank, 2008
http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Data/ExploreEconomies/2008/turkey

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3.3 Efficient Administration

 

Core Question:         Are quality services and qualified civil servants available to the public through the efficient use of public money free of corruption? No,  Weak. The civil service and legislative branches lack important accountability processes.

Size of Government

 

3.3.1   What is the size of government relative to GDP? 34.2%- 30% considered optimum –  Weak

 

Source: 2013 Index of Economic Freedom, Heritage Foundation http://www.heritage.org/index/country/turkey

 

Civil Service

 

3.3.2   What is the quality of the civil service? Weak – Score 42 out of 100

 

Source: Global Integrity Report 2010 – https://www.globalintegrity.org/global/the-global-integrity-report-2010/turkey/

Government Effectiveness

 

3.3.3   What is the overall effectiveness of the government? Strong – Percentile Ranking – 65.4 Trend ­

 

Source: Governance Matters 2011, World Bank http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/sc_chart.asp

 

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In-Country Assessment Information (as of June 2011)

FQ 6.              What is the actual experience of practitioners in dealing with the government?

 

Corruption is a concern in Turkey. The immediate families of the elected government officials have become very wealthy in recent years. They have suspiciously acquired large companies and become owners in a very short time.

Not all laws are strictly followed. One specific fact to note is that actual construction is never what is permitted. It is almost standard practice to add future construction options or additional (incomplete) area to buildings for future development after final permitting.

In Taksim, a business and nightlife area of central Istanbul there are two good examples of failures in governance and corruption. A Turkish mafia had developed a parking garage, which was never “completed,” but it is operational. Another project of interest is a skyscraper that was several floors beyond the permitted construction, yet it remains operational and goes unchecked.

 

Source: Summer 2011 Field Research Visit by Lin Mao, CIPE Intern and student at Johns Hopkins University

 

 

 

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