3. Effective Governance
3.1 Democratic Representation
3.2 Lack of Corruption
3.3 Efficient Administration

3. Effective Governance

Goal – A popularly elected government free of corruption and functioning efficiently and transparently enough to guarantee economic freedom to individuals and support equitable property markets

3.1 Democratic Representation (Strong)

Core Question: Does the country have free and open elections for the leadership and can citizens engage in free enterprise?

Greece has generally fair electoral laws, equal campaigning opportunities, and a system of compulsory voting that is weakly enforced. Greece’s multiparty system features vigorous competition among rival parties.

3.1.1 Voice & Accountability (Strong) Are citizens able to elect their government and do they enjoy freedom of expression, association and a free media?

Strong – Percentile Rank 67; Trend =

Governance Matters 2014, World Bank – Are citizens free to form political and civic organizations free of state interference and surveillance?

Very Strong – Overall Ranking – 41st out of 167; Score 9.41 out of 10

Citizens are free to form civic organizations and political parties without state interference.

The Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index 2014

3.1.2 Public Information (Strong) Are there regulations governing conflicts of interest in the executive and legislative branches of government?

Yes Can citizens access legislative processes and documents?

Yes – Very Strong, Score 15 out of 16

Freedom House 2015

3.1.3 Market Intervention (Very Weak)

Overall Freedom Ranking – 130 out of 165 Trend ↓ To what extent does the government intervene in the private sector including state owned industries?

Score 0 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less intervention. To what extent does the government control prices?

Score 78 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less control.

Index of Economic Freedom 2015– Heritage Foundation

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3.2 Lack of Corruption (Weak)

Core Question: Is the public sector transparent and free of corruption?

Successive governments have made election promises to root out deeply entrenched corruption in Greece, but progress has been very slow. Ninety percent of households surveyed in 2013 consider Greece’s political parties to be corrupt or extremely corrupt.

Transparency (Weak)

3.2.1   What is the perceived level of corruption in the country?

Ranking – 69th out of 178; Score 43 out of 100 – Weak Formal Sector, Trend ↑

Corruption Perception Index 2014, Transparency International

Integrity Mechanisms (Weak)

3.2.2   A National Integrity System is a framework where the principle institutions that contribute to integrity, transparency and accountability in a society can address corruption in a systematic way. Does a National Integrity System exist?

Yes – Weak, the Greek anti-corruption system has a number of fundamental flaws, the most significant of which is a crisis of values, typified by broad scale acceptance of and participation in corruption, even though it is condemned.

National Integrity System Assessment, Transparency International

Extralegal Payments (Weak)

3.2.3   How often do companies report that officials and/or companies expect additional payments to “expedite” services or gain business?

71ST out of 140, Score 3.9 out of 7 – Weak, Trend ↑

The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016, World Economic Forum

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3.3 Efficient Administration (Weak)

Core Question: Are quality services and qualified civil servants available to the public through the efficient use of public money?

Weak, in recent years there have been efforts for increasing transparency and audit in the public sector, but they have not resulted in a dramatic reduction in corruption in the public sector.

Size of Government (Very Weak)

3.3.1   What is the size of government relative to GDP?

58.5% – 25 to 30% considered optimum – Very Weak

Index of Economic Freedom 2015, Heritage Foundation

Civil Service (Very Weak)

3.3.2   What is the quality of the civil service?

Score of 25 out of 100

National Integrity System Assessment, Transparency International

Government Effectiveness (Strong)

3.3.3   What is the overall effectiveness of the government?

Strong – Percentile Ranking – 69 Trend ↑

Governance Matters 2014, World Bank

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