3. Effective Governance
3.1 Democratic Representation
3.2 Lack of Corruption
3.3 Efficient Administration

3. Effective Governance

Goal – A popularly elected government free of corruption and functioning efficiently and transparently enough to guarantee economic freedom to individuals and support equitable property markets

3.1 Democratic Representation (Weak)

Core Question: Does the country have free and open elections for the leadership and can citizens engage in free enterprise?

No –Weak, a deal between the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) and the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) will give the latter a greater say in government following its strong electoral showing in 2013, which should improve levels of political accountability.

3.1.1 Voice & Accountability (Weak) Are citizens able to elect their government and do they enjoy freedom of expression, association and a free media?

No –Weak

Governance Matters 2014, World Bank – Are citizens free to form political and civic organizations free of state interference and surveillance?

No –Weak – Score of 4.12 out of 10
Overall Ranking – 103 out of 167

The Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index 2014

3.1.2 Public Information (Very Weak)

Overall Ranking – Very Weak; Score 42 out of 100 Are there regulations governing conflicts of interest in the executive and legislative branches of government?

Conflicts of Interests score 35/100; Public Information Score 2/100 – Very Weak Can citizens access legislative processes and documents?


Global Integrity Report 2010

3.1.3 Market Intervention (Weak)

Overall Freedom Ranking – Weak 110 out of 165 To what extent does the government intervene in the private sector including state owned industries?

Score 78.8 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less intervention. To what extent does the government control prices?


Index of Economic Freedom 2015– Heritage Foundation

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3.2 Lack of Corruption (Very Weak)

Core Question: Is the public sector transparent and free of corruption?

No – Very Weak, little progress has been made in tackling corruption, which is by far the most serious threat to advancing economic freedom in Cambodia.

Transparency (Very Weak)

3.2.1   What is the perceived level of corruption in the country?

Ranking – 156 out of 174; Score 21 out of 100 – Very Weak

Corruption Perception Index 2014, Transparency International

Integrity Mechanisms (Weak)

3.2.2   A National Integrity System is a framework where the principle institutions that contribute to integrity, transparency and accountability in a society can address corruption in a systematic way. Does a National Integrity System exist?


National Integrity System Assessment, Transparency International

Extralegal Payments (Very Weak)

Ranking – 129 out of 144; Score 2.8 out of 7 – Very Weak

3.2.3   How often do companies report that officials and/or companies expect additional payments to “expedite” services or gain business?


The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016, World Economic Forum

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3.3 Efficient Administration (Very Weak)

Core Question: Are quality services and qualified civil servants available to the public through the efficient use of public money?

No – Very Weak

Size of Government (Very Strong)

3.3.1   What is the size of government relative to GDP?

20% – 25 to 30% considered optimum – Very Strong

Index of Economic Freedom 2015, Heritage Foundation

Civil Service (Very Weak)

3.3.2   What is the quality of the civil service?

Very Weak – Score 24 out of 100

Global Integrity Report 2014
The Economist –

Government Effectiveness (Very Weak)

3.3.3   What is the overall effectiveness of the government?

Very Weak – 18.66 out of 100

Governance Matters 2014, World Bank

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