Goal – A popularly elected government free of corruption and functioning efficiently and transparently enough to guarantee economic freedom to individuals and support equitable property markets
Core Question: Does the country have free and open elections for the leadership and can citizens engage in free enterprise?
No –Weak, a deal between the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) and the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) will give the latter a greater say in government following its strong electoral showing in 2013, which should improve levels of political accountability.
3.1.1 Voice & Accountability (Weak)
126.96.36.199 Are citizens able to elect their government and do they enjoy freedom of expression, association and a free media?
Governance Matters 2014, World Bank – http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/sc_chart.asp
188.8.131.52 Are citizens free to form political and civic organizations free of state interference and surveillance?
No –Weak – Score of 4.12 out of 10
Overall Ranking – 103 out of 167
The Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index 2014 https://www.eiu.com/public/topical_report.aspx?campaignid=Democracy0115
3.1.2 Public Information (Very Weak)
Overall Ranking – Very Weak; Score 42 out of 100
184.108.40.206 Are there regulations governing conflicts of interest in the executive and legislative branches of government?
Conflicts of Interests score 35/100; Public Information Score 2/100 – Very Weak
220.127.116.11 Can citizens access legislative processes and documents?
Global Integrity Report 2010 https://www.globalintegrity.org/research/reports/global-integrity-report/global-integrity-report-2010/
3.1.3 Market Intervention (Weak)
Overall Freedom Ranking – Weak 110 out of 165
18.104.22.168 To what extent does the government intervene in the private sector including state owned industries?
Score 78.8 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less intervention.
22.214.171.124 To what extent does the government control prices?
Index of Economic Freedom 2015– Heritage Foundation www.heritage.org/index
Core Question: Is the public sector transparent and free of corruption?
No – Very Weak, little progress has been made in tackling corruption, which is by far the most serious threat to advancing economic freedom in Cambodia.
Transparency (Very Weak)
3.2.1 What is the perceived level of corruption in the country?
Ranking – 156 out of 174; Score 21 out of 100 – Very Weak
Corruption Perception Index 2014, Transparency International http://www.transparency.org/cpi2014/results
Integrity Mechanisms (Weak)
3.2.2 A National Integrity System is a framework where the principle institutions that contribute to integrity, transparency and accountability in a society can address corruption in a systematic way. Does a National Integrity System exist?
National Integrity System Assessment, Transparency International http://www.transparency.org/whatwedo/nis/
Extralegal Payments (Very Weak)
Ranking – 129 out of 144; Score 2.8 out of 7 – Very Weak
3.2.3 How often do companies report that officials and/or companies expect additional payments to “expedite” services or gain business?
The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016, World Economic Forum
Core Question: Are quality services and qualified civil servants available to the public through the efficient use of public money?
No – Very Weak
Size of Government (Very Strong)
3.3.1 What is the size of government relative to GDP?
20% – 25 to 30% considered optimum – Very Strong
Index of Economic Freedom 2015, Heritage Foundation
Civil Service (Very Weak)
3.3.2 What is the quality of the civil service?
Very Weak – Score 24 out of 100
Government Effectiveness (Very Weak)
3.3.3 What is the overall effectiveness of the government?
Very Weak – 18.66 out of 100
Governance Matters 2014, World Bank