5.1 Market Stability
5.2 Independent Asset Valuers
5.3 Data Standards
In-Country Assessment Information

Goal – A well developed and transparent financial system that includes strong supporting institutions and highly trained and ethical professionals that contribute to effective financial intermediation and deep and broad access to capital and financial services


5.1 Market Stability

Core Question:         Are market risks sufficiently transparent and diversified so that efficient capital allocation can occur? No – Very Weak, institutional capacity is still inadequate despite substantial technical assistance from international development agencies.


Financial Reporting

5.1.1   What is the strength of the country’s auditing and reporting standards? Very Weak – 141stout of 142; Score 2.7 out of 7


Market Sophistication

5.1.2   What is the overall level of financial market sophistication in the country? Very Weak – 137th out of 144; Score 2.8 out of 7

Source: 2012-2013 The Global Competitiveness Report, World Economic Forum


Insolvency Process

Very Weak – Ranking – 161st  out of 185 Trend

5.1.3   What is the average time to complete bankruptcy proceedings? 5.0

5.1.4   What is the cost of bankruptcy proceedings as a percentage of the estate? 30%

5.1.5   What is the recovery rate of bankruptcy proceedings?  8.0 cents on the dollar

Source: Doing Business 2013 – Resolving Insolvency



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5.2 Independent Asset Valuers


Core Question: Do trained, independent and ethical asset valuers exist for all types of assets? No – Very Weak, service delivery is constrained in the public sector particularly in regards to land valuation and conflict resolution.


Survey Questions


SQ 19  How easy is it to find a valuer who implements International Valuation Standards? – Very Weak – no standards for valuation in Land Code



SQ 20  What is the level of training of valuers? Unknown

Civil Society Resource: International Real Property Foundation



SQ 21  Are opinions offered by valuers free of influence from parties to the transaction? Unknown

Civil Society Resource: International Valuation Standards Council


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5.3 Data Standards


Core Question: Is accurate property information available electronically in formats that are consistent with international standards? No – Very Weak, data systems are inefficient and unreliable.


Survey Questions

Sales & Operating Data

SQ 22  A multiple listing service is an electronic exchange system where brokers and agents can widely share contracted real estate listings of properties that are for sale. Do multiple listing type services exist? No – Very Weak, regional Internet sites starting to emerge

Civil Society Resource: International Consortium of Real Estate Associations


SQ 23  Do resources exist for obtaining building income and expense estimates? No – Very Weak  

Civil Society Resource: Institute of Real Estate Management


Interchange Formats

SQ 24  Do electronic data interchange formats conform to international standards (ebXML – electronic business using extensive markup language)? No – Very Weak

Civil Society Resource: Open Standards Consortium for Real Estate International


Technical Standards

SQ 25  Do building codes and office building measurement standards (ANSI/BOMA Z65.1) conform to international standards? No – Very Weak

Civil Society Resource: Building Owners and Managers Association


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In-Country Assessment



Market Stability

FQ 9.              How stable has the property market been over the last several years?

The global financial crisis has slowed the Burundian economy and contributed to a significant decline in inflation. Economic growth moderated to 3.5 percent in 2009, from 4.5 percent in 2008, mainly because of lower private transfers and foreign direct investment. Because of lower international oil and food prices, headline inflation (end of period) declined from about 26 percent in 2008 to about 4.5 percent in 2009. Supported by donor flows and the SDR allocation, gross official reserves remained steady at 6.5 months of imports in 2008–09. The economic outlook is generally positive but subject to risks from the security situation and external environment.

Source: International Monetary Fund


Valuation Profession

FQ 10. How many independent valuers exist in the market?

To register a property transfer, “an expert is designated by the Ministry of Finance to check whether the price is the correct one.” The process for selection or the qualifications of the valuer are unknown.


FQ 11. How many companies exist and what is the average size of valuation companies?

The Knight Frank Uganda office lists valuation services for Burundi. Firms in the East Africa Region likely provide services in Burundi. No independent, native firms located.


FQ 12. What are the valuation standards and do they conform to international and regional standards?

No national standards.


FQ 13. What valuation methods and techniques are used in the market?

The law fixe dorénavant les taux applicables pour la détermination de ces impôts     sets the rates applicable for the determination of such taxes. L’important en la matière con-The important matter consists siste surtout dans les modalités d’évaluation de l’assiette dudit impespecially in terms of assessing the basis of that tax.Celui-ci est variable, pour les ter- It varies for building constructed per square meter of land (the latter being calculated only in terms of buildings, includingcompris terrasses, vérandas, galeries et balcons), et en fonction de la nature de la construction (dure,= decks, porches, balconies and galleries), and depending on the nature of construction (hard, semi-dure ou non dure), mais aussi, dans le cas de Bujumbura, en fonction du classement du quartiersemi-hard or not hard), but also in the case of Bujumbura, according to the classification of neighborhood(équipement minimum, moyennement équipé ou hautement équipé). (Minimum equipment, with moderately or highly equipped). Pour les terrains non bâtis, il est For undeveloped land, it is tenu compte de la superficie et du classement de la zone de situation du terrain.into account the size and ranking of the location of the land area.



FQ 14. Are there valuer associations in the market? What number and percentage of practitioners belong? None known.


FQ 15. What training programs are available to upgrade the quality of valuers? Unknown


FQ 16. Are peer review mechanisms in place to assist in enforcing ethical behavior? Unknown


FQ 17. What is the quality of valuation reports? Unknown


Data Availability

FQ 18. What is the status of proprietary data bases that include property information?

Less than 5% of land is registered and oral traditions predominate.

Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Center 


FQ 19. What is the status of existing data sharing mechanisms for properties that are for sale? Some regional Internet sites developing

FQ 20. Do valuers have an established data sharing mechanisms? None known