3. Effective Governance
3.1 Democratic Representation
3.2 Lack of Corruption
3.3 Efficient Administration
In-Country Assessment Information

3. Effective Governance – Weak


Goal – A popularly elected government free of corruption and functioning efficiently and transparently enough to guarantee economic freedom to individuals and support equitable property markets

3.1 Democratic Representation


Core Question:  Does the country have free and open elections for the leadership and can citizens engage in free enterprise? Yes – Weak, unfortunately there are several dimensions of governance that remain in need of significant improvement. While a constitutional right to access government information exists, no law or institutional mechanism is in place to operationalize that right.



3.1.1  Voice & Accountability Are citizens able to elect their government and do they enjoy freedom of expression, association and a free media? Yes – Strong – Percentile Rank –  63.8 Trend ­↑

Source: Governance Matters, World Bank – Are citizens free to form political and civic organizations free of state interference and surveillance? Yes – Very Strong – Score  9.12 out of 10

Overall Ranking –  44st out of 167

Source: The Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index  2012


3.1.2  Public Information

Overall Ranking – Weak; Score 76 out of 100 (2009) Are there regulations governing conflicts of interest in the executive and legislative branches of government? Yes – Executive Score 79 out of 100 – Strong; Legislative Score 73 out of 100 – Strong  Can citizens access legislative processes and documents? No – Score 54 out of 100 – Very Weak

Source: Global Integrity Report –       


3.1.3  Market Intervention

Overall Freedom Ranking – Weak 100th out of 185 Trend To what extent does the government intervene in the private sector including state owned industries? Score  54.8 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less intervention To what extent does the government control prices? Score  74.4 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less control

Source: 2013 Index of Economic Freedom – Heritage Foundation



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3.2 Lack of Corruption


Core Question: Is the public sector transparent and free of corruption? Yes – Strong, civil society, voting and elections, privatization, and anti-corruption regulations are strong.



3.2.1   What is the perceived level of corruption in the country? Ranking – 69th out of 178; Score  43 out of  100 Trend

 – Low corruption – Strong

Source: Corruption Perception Index 2012, Transparency International

Integrity Mechanisms

3.2.2   A National Integrity System is a framework where the principle institutions that contribute to integrity, transparency and accountability in a society can address corruption in a systematic way. Does a National Integrity System exist? Yes – Strong, (2001).

Source: National Integrity System Assessment, Transparency International  


Extralegal Payments

3.2.3   How often do companies report that officials and/or companies expect additional payments to “expedite” services or gain business? 11.9% of firms say they are expected to make unofficial payments – Low occurrence – Strong

Source: Enterprise Surveys, World Bank




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3.3 Efficient Administration


Core Question: Are quality services and qualified civil servants available to the public through the efficient use of public money free of corruption? No – Weak, the state’s role in the economy is heavy and has been increasing. The efficiency and overall quality of government services remain poor despite high government spending as a percentage of GDP.


Size of Government

3.3.1   What is the size of government relative to GDP? 49.6% – 25 to 30% considered optimum – Very Weak

Source: 2010 Index of Economic Freedom, Heritage Foundation  


Civil Service

3.3.2   What is the quality of the civil service? Weak – Score 69 out of 100

 Source: Global Integrity Report –  


Government Effectiveness

3.3.3   What is the overall effectiveness of the government? Strong – Percentile Ranking –  55.5 Trend

Source: Governance Matters, World Bank




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In-Country Assessment Information

FQ22 What is the actual experience of small businesses in dealing with the government, particularly the number and complexity of required procedures and the prevalence of extra payments to facilitate services such as licenses or permits?