5. Financial Transparency
5.1 Market Stability
5.2 Independent Asset Valuers
5.3 Data Standards

5. Financial Transparency

Goal – A well developed and transparent financial system that includes strong supporting institutions and highly trained and ethical professionals that contribute to effective financial intermediation and deep and broad access to capital and financial services

5.1 Market Stability (Weak)

Core Question:  Are market risks sufficiently transparent and diversified so that efficient capital allocation can occur?

Despite recent reforms, the inefficient business environment still impedes broader economic development. In the absence of a well-functioning labor market, informal labor activity persists. Price controls and government subsidies distort domestic prices for electricity, water, agricultural products, and railroad transportation.

5.1.1 Financial Reporting (Weak)

What is the strength of the country’s auditing and reporting standards?

Rank 103 out of 140; Score 4.1 out of 7; Trend ↑

5.1.2 Financial Services (Weak)

Does the financial sector provide a wide variety of financial services to businesses?

Rank 116 out of 140; Score 3.7 out of 7; Trend ↓

The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016, World Economic Forum /

5.1.3 Insolvency Process (Very Strong)

Rank 42 out of 189 Trend ↓ What is the average time to complete bankruptcy proceedings?

2 years What is the cost of bankruptcy proceedings as a percentage of the estate?

10%  What is the recovery rate of bankruptcy proceedings? 

42.3 cents on the dollar

Doing Business 2016 – Closing a Business

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5.2 Independent Asset Valuers (Strong)

Core Question: Do trained, independent and ethical asset valuers exist for all types of assets?  

Strong, the Albanian Society of Property Appraisers (SVP) is a member of TEGoVA and is developing National Property Valuation Standards.

Survey Questions

5.2.1 Standards (Strong)

SQ 17  How easy is it to find a valuer who implements International Valuation Standards?

While not a member of IVSC, SVP is working to raise standards and follows European Standards.

Civil Society Resource: TEGoVA

5.2.2 Training (Strong)

SQ 18  What is the level of training of valuers?



5.2.3 Ethics (Unknown)

SQ 19  Are opinions offered by valuers free of influence from parties to the transaction?



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5.3 Data Standards (Weak)

Core Question: Is accurate property information available electronically in formats that are consistent with international standards?

No – Weak, property registration information has only recently (June 2014) become available online.

Survey Questions

5.3.1 Sales & Operating Data (Weak)

SQ 20  A multiple listing service is an electronic exchange system where brokers and agents can widely share contracted real estate listings of properties that are for sale. Do multiple listing type services exist?

Internet sites exist, but data is not standardized.


SQ 21  Do resources exist for obtaining building income and expense estimates?


No – Weak

5.3.2 Interchange Formats (Weak)

SQ 22  Do electronic data interchange formats conform to international standards (ebXML – electronic business using extensive markup language)?


Civil Society Resource: Open Standards Consortium for Real Estate International,

5.3.3 Technical Standards (Unknown)

SQ 23  Do building codes and office building measurement standards (ANSI/BOMA Z65.1) conform to international standards?



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