3. Effective Governance
3.1 Democratic Representation
3.2 Lack of Corruption
3.3 Efficient Administration

3. Effective Governance

Goal – A popularly elected government free of corruption and functioning efficiently and transparently enough to guarantee economic freedom to individuals and support equitable property markets

3.1 Democratic Representation (Strong)

Core Question: Does the country have free and open elections for the leadership and can citizens engage in free enterprise?

Strong, however Albania‘s democratic institutions have not yet achieved the effectiveness and stability required for European Union membership.

3.1.1 Voice & Accountability (Strong) Are citizens able to elect their government and do they enjoy freedom of expression, association and a free media?

Strong – Percentile Rank 55; Trend ↑

Governance Matters 2014, World Bank – Are citizens free to form political and civic organizations free of state interference and surveillance?

Weak – Rank 88 out of 167; Score 7.35 out of 10

Citizens are free to form civic organizations and political parties without state interference.

The Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index 2014

3.1.2 Public Information (Strong)

Overall Score 74 out of 100 (2010) Are there regulations governing conflicts of interest in the executive and legislative branches of government?

Yes – Weak – Executive Score 80 out of 100 – Strong; Legislative Score 65 out of 100 Can citizens access legislative processes and documents?

Yes – Strong, Score 81 out of 100

Global Integrity Report 2010

3.1.3 Market Intervention (Strong)

Overall Freedom Ranking – 63 out of 165 Trend ↓ To what extent does the government intervene in the private sector including state owned industries?

Score 76 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less intervention. To what extent does the government control prices?

Score 81 out of 100 with a higher score indicating less control – Strong.

Index of Economic Freedom 2015– Heritage Foundation

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3.2 Lack of Corruption (Weak)

Core Question: Is the public sector transparent and free of corruption?

Weak, government interference and regulatory control continue to limit dynamic investment and overall economic efficiency. Corruption is an impediment to growth.

Transparency (Weak)

3.2.1   What is the perceived level of corruption in the country?

Ranking – 100th out of 178; Score 36 out of 100 – Weak Formal Sector, Trend =

Corruption Perception Index 2014, Transparency International

Integrity Mechanisms (Very Weak)

3.2.2   A National Integrity System is a framework where the principle institutions that contribute to integrity, transparency and accountability in a society can address corruption in a systematic way. Does a National Integrity System exist?


National Integrity System Assessment, Transparency International

Extralegal Payments (Weak)

3.2.3   How often do companies report that officials and/or companies expect additional payments to “expedite” services or gain business?

79th out of 140, Score 3.7 out of 7 – Weak, Trend ­↑

The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016, World Economic Forum

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3.3 Efficient Administration (Strong)

Core Question: Are quality services and qualified civil servants available to the public through the efficient use of public money?

Strong, however deeper structural reforms to diversify the economy and improve labor market flexibility remain critical for more broad-based economic development.

Size of Government (Strong)

3.3.1   What is the size of government relative to GDP?

Government spending is 28.2% of gross GDP and public debt is 67% of GDP.

Index of Economic Freedom 2015, Heritage Foundation

Civil Service (Strong)

3.3.2   What is the quality of the civil service?

Score of 74 out of 100


Global Integrity Report 2014
The Economist –

Government Effectiveness (Strong)

3.3.3   What is the overall effectiveness of the government?

Percentile Ranking 52; Trend ↑


Governance Matters 2014, World Bank

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